Fanny Planquart, Emmanuel Marcaggi, Raiko Blondonnet, Olivier Clovet, Xavier Bobbia, Bastien Boussat, Julien Pottecher, Tobias Gauss, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, Pierre Bouzat
IMPORTANCE: The extended Focused Assessment With Sonography for Trauma (E-FAST) has become a cornerstone of the diagnostic workup in patients with trauma. The added value of a diagnostic workup including an E-FAST to support decision-making remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine how often an immediate course of action adopted in the resuscitation room based on a diagnostic workup that included an E-FAST and before whole-body computed tomography scanning (WBCT) in patients with blunt trauma was appropriate...
December 1, 2022: JAMA Network Open
Ellyn J Gray, James A Cranford, Joseph A Betcher, Robert D Huang, Ross A Kessler, Nik Theyyunni, Allen A Majkrzak
PURPOSE: Identification of tube thoracostomy insertion location is currently performed using a blind, landmark based approach at either the fifth intercostal space (ICS) or inframammary crease in the midaxillary line. A significant percentage of thoracostomies at this site result in complications. This pilot study aimed to assess whether bedside ultrasound could aid in identifying safer tube thoracostomy insertion sites in emergency department patients. METHODS: Fifty emergency department patients were enrolled in this study...
July 2020: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Adel Hamed Elbaih, Ahmed Mohamed Housseini, Mohamed E M Khalifa
PURPOSE: "Polytrauma" patients are of a higher risk of complications and death than the summation of expected mortality and morbidity of their individual injuries. The ideal goal in trauma resuscitation care is to identify and treat all injuries. With clinical and technological advanced imaging available for diagnosis and treatment of traumatic patients, point of care-rapid ultrasound in shock and hypotension (RUSH) significantly affects modern trauma services and patient outcomes. This study aims to evaluate the accuracy of RUSH and patient outcomes by early detection of the causes of unstable polytrauma...
June 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology
Barbara Sessa, Margherita Trinci, Stefania Ianniello, Guendalina Menichini, Michele Galluzzo, Vittorio Miele
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the accuracy of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the detection and grading of abdominal traumatic lesions in patients with low-energy isolated abdominal trauma in comparison with baseline ultrasound (US) and contrast-enhanced multidetector computed tomography (CE-MDCT), considered the gold standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 256 consecutive patients who arrived in our Emergency Department between January 2006 and December 2012 (159 males and 97 females aged 7-82 years; mean age 41 years), with a history of low-energy isolated abdominal trauma were retrospectively analysed...
February 2015: La Radiologia Medica
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gregg Helland, Romolo Gaspari, Samuel Licciardo, Alexandra Sanseverino, Ulises Torres, Timothy Emhoff, David Blehar
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound (US) has been shown to be effective at identifying a pneumothorax (PTX); however, the additional value of adding multiple views has not been studied. Single- and four-view protocols have both been described in the literature. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of single-view versus four-view lung US to detect clinically significant PTX in trauma patients. METHODS: This was a randomized, prospective trial on trauma patients...
October 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine
Michael Blaivas, Matthew Lyon, Sandeep Duggal
BACKGROUND: Supine anteroposterior (AP) chest radiography may not detect the presence of a small or medium pneumothorax (PTX) in trauma patients. OBJECTIVES: To compare the sensitivity and specificity of bedside ultrasound (US) in the emergency department (ED) with supine portable AP chest radiography for the detection of PTX in trauma patients, and to determine whether US can grade the size of the PTX. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-blinded study with convenience sampling, based on researcher availability, of blunt trauma patients at a Level 1 trauma center with an annual census of 75,000 patients...
September 2005: Academic Emergency Medicine
R Gentry Wilkerson, Michael B Stone
OBJECTIVES: Supine anteroposterior (AP) chest radiographs in patients with blunt trauma have poor sensitivity for the identification of pneumothorax. Ultrasound (US) has been proposed as an alternative screening test for pneumothorax in this population. The authors conducted an evidence-based review of the medical literature to compare sensitivity of bedside US and AP chest radiographs in identifying pneumothorax after blunt trauma. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched for trials from 1965 through June 2009 using a search strategy derived from the following PICO formulation of our clinical question: patients included adult (18 + years) emergency department (ED) patients in whom pneumothorax was suspected after blunt trauma...
January 2010: Academic Emergency Medicine
Kenji Inaba, Konstantinos Chouliaras, Scott Zakaluzny, Stuart Swadron, Thomas Mailhot, Dina Seif, Pedro Teixeira, Emre Sivrikoz, Crystal Ives, Galinos Barmparas, Nikolaos Koronakis, Demetrios Demetriades
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the ability of Focused Assessment Using Sonography for Trauma (FAST) to discriminate between survivors and nonsurvivors undergoing resuscitative thoracotomy (RT). BACKGROUND: RT is a high-risk, low-salvage procedure performed in arresting trauma patients with poorly defined indications. METHODS: Patients undergoing RT from 10/2010 to 05/2014 were prospectively enrolled. A FAST examination including parasternal/subxiphoid cardiac views was performed before or concurrent with RT...
September 2015: Annals of Surgery
Daniel K Nishijima, David L Simel, David H Wisner, James F Holmes
CONTEXT: Blunt abdominal trauma often presents a substantial diagnostic challenge. Well-informed clinical examination can identify patients who require further diagnostic evaluation for intra-abdominal injuries after blunt abdominal trauma. OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the precision and accuracy of symptoms, signs, laboratory tests, and bedside imaging studies to identify intra-abdominal injuries in patients with blunt abdominal trauma. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a structured search of MEDLINE (1950-January 2012) and EMBASE (1980-January 2012) to identify English-language studies examining the identification of intra-abdominal injuries...
April 11, 2012: JAMA
Kalyana C Nandipati, Shyam Allamaneni, Ravindra Kakarla, Alfredo Wong, Neil Richards, James Satterfield, James W Turner, Kae-Jae Sung
INTRODUCTION: Early identification of pneumothorax is crucial to reduce the mortality in critically injured patients. The objective of our study is to investigate the utility of surgeon performed extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (EFAST) in the diagnosis of pneumothorax. METHODS: We prospectively analysed 204 trauma patients in our level I trauma center over a period of 12 (06/2007-05/2008) months in whom EFAST was performed. The patients' demographics, type of injury, clinical examination findings (decreased air entry), CXR, EFAST and CT scan findings were entered into the data base...
May 2011: Injury
James C R Rippey, Alistair G Royse
Point-of-care ultrasound is well suited for use in the emergency setting for assessment of the trauma patient. Currently, portable ultrasound machines with high-resolution imaging capability allow trauma patients to be imaged in the pre-hospital setting, emergency departments and operating theatres. In major trauma, ultrasound is used to diagnose life-threatening conditions and to prioritise and guide appropriate interventions. Assessment of the basic haemodynamic state is a very important part of ultrasound use in trauma, but is discussed in more detail elsewhere...
September 2009: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
David Bahner, Michael Blaivas, Harris L Cohen, J Christian Fox, Stephen Hoffenberg, John Kendall, Jill Langer, John P McGahan, Paul Sierzenski, Vivek S Tayal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2008: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lawrence A Melniker, Evan Leibner, Mark G McKenney, Peter Lopez, William M Briggs, Carol A Mancuso
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Annually, 38 million people are evaluated for trauma, the leading cause of death in persons younger than 45 years. The primary objective is to assess whether using a protocol inclusive of point-of-care, limited ultrasonography (PLUS), compared to usual care (control), among patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with suspected torso trauma decreased time to operative care. METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled clinical trial conducted during a 6-month period at 2 Level I trauma centers...
September 2006: Annals of Emergency Medicine
A W Kirkpatrick, M Sirois, K B Laupland, D Liu, K Rowan, C G Ball, S M Hameed, R Brown, R Simons, S A Dulchavsky, D R Hamiilton, S Nicolaou
BACKGROUND: Thoracic ultrasound (EFAST) has shown promise in inferring the presence of post-traumatic pneumothoraces (PTXs) and may have a particular value in identifying occult pneumothoraces (OPTXs) missed by the AP supine chest radiograph (CXR). However, the diagnostic utility of hand-held US has not been previously evaluated in this role. METHODS: Thoracic US examinations were performed during the initial resuscitation of injured patients at a provincial trauma referral center...
August 2004: Journal of Trauma