Collections Clopidogrel in CVA or TIA

Clopidogrel in CVA or TIA

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Bruno Censori
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel is not recommended for secondary stroke prevention because of lack of effectiveness and increased hemorrhagic risk. Recent studies show that in patients with a very recent transient ischemic attack or minor ischemic stroke loading with 300 mg clopidogrel plus aspirin, followed by clopidogrel 75 mg plus aspirin once daily for up to 90 days significantly decreases the rate of recurrent stroke, especially strokes that occur within few days from the event that led to medical attention, without an increase in severe bleedings...
July 2014: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Tommy Andersson, Peter Nagy, Mohammad Niazi, Sven Nylander, Hal Galbraith, Santosh Ranjan, Lars Wallentin
OBJECTIVE: The effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of clopidogrel was assessed in two healthy volunteer crossover studies. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study 1: subjects received clopidogrel alone (300-mg loading dose, then 75 mg/day for 28 days) and two of three PPIs (omeprazole 80 mg, esomeprazole 40 mg or lansoprazole 60 mg) plus clopidogrel for 29 days in three treatment periods (randomized treatment sequence assignment)...
June 2014: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Nevio Taglieri, Maria Letizia Bacchi Reggiani, Tullio Palmerini, Gabriele Ghetti, Francesco Saia, Pamela Gallo, Carolina Moretti, Gianni Dall'Ara, Cinzia Marrozzini, Antonio Marzocchi, Claudio Rapezzi
Several prospective studies have shown that high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity (HPR) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a risk factor for ischemic events. All studies were insufficiently powered to detect differences in stroke between patients with HPR and those without. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of available publications aimed at determining whether patients undergoing PCI with HPR are also at increased risk of stroke. We searched for prospective studies enrolling patients undergoing PCI and treated with aspirin and clopidogrel that reported on clinical relevance of HPR to adenosine diphosphate...
June 1, 2014: American Journal of Cardiology
Gregory Egan, Christine A Hughes, Margaret L Ackman
OBJECTIVE: To review potential drug interactions between antiretroviral (ARV) medications and antiplatelets or novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). DATA SOURCES: A literature search of MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, and Google Scholar was performed using the search terms (1) clopidogrel or ticagrelor or prasugrel, (2) dabigatran or rivaroxaban or apixaban, and (3) antiretrovirals. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Any English language study or case report describing a drug interaction between an ARV and an antiplatelet or NOAC was included...
June 2014: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
J Oh, D Shin, K S Lim, S Lee, K-H Jung, K Chu, K S Hong, K-H Shin, J-Y Cho, S H Yoon, S C Ji, K-S Yu, H Lee, I-J Jang
Decreased oral clopidogrel absorption caused by induction of intestinal permeability glycoprotein (P-gp) expression after aspirin administration was observed in rats. This study evaluated the effect of aspirin coadministration on the pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of clopidogrel in humans. A single 75-mg dose of clopidogrel was orally administered before and after 2 and 4 weeks of once-daily 100-mg aspirin administration in 18 healthy volunteers who were recruited based on CYP2C19 and PON1 genotypes. Plasma concentrations of clopidogrel and its active metabolite, H4, and relative platelet inhibition (RPI) were determined...
June 2014: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Peter L Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Vikram Khanna, Alex Hobson, Rand Mikael, Nalyaka Sambu, Nicola Englyst, Nick Curzen
In contrast to short thrombelastography (s-TEG) which utilises adenosine diphosphate (ADP) alone, the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay (VN-P2Y12) additionally uses prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) as agonist to assess response to P2Y12 inhibitors. Based upon previous observations, we hypothesised that VN-P2Y12 overestimates the therapeutic effects of clopidogrel. Simultaneous assay with s-TEG and VN-P2Y12 was performed in 43 healthy volunteers and 170 patients either on or off clopidogrel. Furthermore, in 27 patients on clopidogrel 75 mg we compared the effects of adding 22 nM PGE1 to ADP on platelet aggregation in s-TEG to ADP alone...
June 2014: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Katalin Koltai, Judit Papp, Peter Kenyeres, Gergely Feher, Antal Tibold, Tamas Alexy, Zsolt Marton, Gabor Kesmarky, Kalman Toth
BACKGROUND: Sex-specific response to antiplatelet medications have been reported in several previous studies. OBJECTIVE: We investigated a possible connection between gender differences in hemorheological parameters and in vitro platelet aggregation in vascular patients treated with widely used antiplatelet agents. METHODS: In vitro platelet aggregation was assessed in 2687 patients treated with 100 mg acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), 1047 patients treated with 75 mg clopidogrel and 311 patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (100 mg aspirin and 75 mg clopidogrel) according to the method of Born...
2014: Biorheology
Giulio Cavalli, Claudio Sallemi, Alvise Berti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2014: British Journal of Haematology
Chung-Yu Chen, Kun-Tai Lee, Charles Tzu-Chi Lee, Wen-Ter Lai, Yaw-Bin Huang
BACKGROUND: Antiplatelet therapy is known to decrease the risk of secondary ischemic stroke. However, the effectiveness and safety of antiplatelet therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease are uncertain, especially in dialysis. AIMS AND/OR HYPOTHESIS: We estimated the effectiveness and safety of antiplatelet drugs (aspirin and clopidogrel) for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing dialysis during long-term follow-up after first-time ischemic stroke...
July 2014: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Joshua P Loh, Rebecca Torguson, Lakshmana K Pendyala, Alfazir Omar, Fang Chen, Lowell F Satler, Augusto D Pichard, Ron Waksman
Premature antiplatelet therapy discontinuation (ATD) after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation is known to predict stent thrombosis (ST). However, recent data suggest that a shorter antiplatelet therapy duration is safe with newer generation DESs. The study aimed to compare the impact of early and late clopidogrel ATDs on ST in a real-world registry of first- and second-generation DES use. A total of 6,236 patients who underwent DES implantation were analyzed retrospectively: 4,217 received first-generation DESs (sirolimus- and paclitaxel-eluting stents) and 2,019 received second-generation DESs (everolimus-eluting stents)...
June 15, 2014: American Journal of Cardiology
Qing Wang, Rickard Ljung, Jesper Lagergren, Yunxia Lu
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) increases the risk of recurrence of cardiovascular disease or death in patients at high risk of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. METHODS: Based on the Swedish Patient Register, a cohort of cardiovascular disease (including acute myocardial infarction, stroke and angina, from 2006 to 2008) was selected from a population with any diagnosis of upper GI bleeding. Data on drug prescription was retrieved from the Prescribed Drug Register...
April 15, 2014: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Hans-Christoph Diener, Julien Bogousslavsky, Lawrence M Brass, Claudio Cimminiello, Laszlo Csiba, Markku Kaste, Didier Leys, Jordi Matias-Guiu, Hans-Jürgen Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel was superior to aspirin in patients with previous manifestations of atherothrombotic disease in the CAPRIE study and its benefit was amplified in some high-risk subgroups of patients. We aimed to assess whether addition of aspirin to clopidogrel could have a greater benefit than clopidogrel alone in prevention of vascular events with potentially higher bleeding risk. METHODS: We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to compare aspirin (75 mg/day) with placebo in 7599 high-risk patients with recent ischaemic stroke or transient ischaemic attack and at least one additional vascular risk factor who were already receiving clopidogrel 75 mg/day...
July 24, 2004: Lancet
Oscar R Benavente, Robert G Hart, Leslie A McClure, Jeffrey M Szychowski, Christopher S Coffey, Lesly A Pearce
BACKGROUND: Lacunar infarcts are a frequent type of stroke caused mainly by cerebral small-vessel disease. The effectiveness of antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention has not been defined. METHODS: We conducted a double-blind, multicenter trial involving 3020 patients with recent symptomatic lacunar infarcts identified by magnetic resonance imaging. Patients were randomly assigned to receive 75 mg of clopidogrel or placebo daily; patients in both groups received 325 mg of aspirin daily...
August 30, 2012: New England Journal of Medicine
Deepak L Bhatt, Eric J Topol
BACKGROUND: Clopidogrel is a more potent antiplatelet agent than aspirin, resulting in greater clinical efficacy in patients with atherothrombotic disease. Furthermore, the combination of clopidogrel plus aspirin has been demonstrated to be superior to aspirin alone in the treatment of patients with acute coronary syndromes and after coronary stenting. Whether dual antiplatelet therapy is superior to aspirin monotherapy for high-risk primary prevention and secondary prevention is unknown...
August 2004: American Heart Journal
B Brent Simmons, Albert Yeo, Kent Fung
Antiplatelet therapy is a mainstay of secondary prevention of ischemic strokes. Recent studies, such as Prevention Regimen for Effectively Avoiding Second Strokes (PRoFESS), the Clopidogrel for High Atherothrombotic Risk and Ischemic Stabilization, Management, and Avoidance (CHARISMA) trial, and the European/Australasian Stroke Prevention in Reversible Ischaemia Trial (ESPRIT), have added much to our understanding about how best to utilize the various antiplatelet agents available. Aspirin has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent strokes, and the combination of aspirin and dipyridamole has repeatedly been shown to outperform aspirin alone...
March 2010: Postgraduate Medicine
Hans-Christoph Diener, Ralph L Sacco, Salim Yusuf, Daniel Cotton, Stephanie Ounpuu, William A Lawton, Yuko Palesch, Reneé H Martin, Gregory W Albers, Philip Bath, Natan Bornstein, Bernard P L Chan, Sien-Tsong Chen, Luis Cunha, Björn Dahlöf, Jacques De Keyser, Geoffrey A Donnan, Conrado Estol, Philip Gorelick, Vivian Gu, Karin Hermansson, Lutz Hilbrich, Markku Kaste, Chuanzhen Lu, Thomas Machnig, Prem Pais, Robin Roberts, Veronika Skvortsova, Philip Teal, Danilo Toni, Cam VanderMaelen, Thor Voigt, Michael Weber, Byung-Woo Yoon
BACKGROUND: The treatment of ischaemic stroke with neuroprotective drugs has been unsuccessful, and whether these compounds can be used to reduce disability after recurrent stroke is unknown. The putative neuroprotective effects of antiplatelet compounds and the angiotensin II receptor antagonist telmisartan were investigated in the Prevention Regimen for Effectively Avoiding Second Strokes (PRoFESS) trial. METHODS: Patients who had had an ischaemic stroke were randomly assigned in a two by two factorial design to receive either 25 mg aspirin (ASA) and 200 mg extended-release dipyridamole (ER-DP) twice a day or 75 mg clopidogrel once a day, and either 80 mg telmisartan or placebo once per day...
October 2008: Lancet Neurology
Bijoy K Menon, Michael R Frankel, Li Liang, Kenneth A Labresh, Gray Ellrodt, Adrian F Hernandez, Gregg C Fonarow, Lee H Schwamm, Eric E Smith
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physician prescribing patterns change slowly despite published randomized trials and consensus guidelines. We measure the effect of Management of Atherothrombosis With Clopidogrel in High-Risk Patients (MATCH) trial on discharge prescribing patterns for patients with stroke and those with transient ischemic attack in the Get With The Guidelines (GWTG)-Stroke Program. METHODS: We analyzed discharge prescribing patterns of antithrombotic medications for patients admitted with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack at hospitals participating in GWTG-Stroke between October 2002 to January 2006...
September 2010: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Yongjun Wang, Yilong Wang, Xingquan Zhao, Liping Liu, David Wang, Chunxue Wang, Chen Wang, Hao Li, Xia Meng, Liying Cui, Jianping Jia, Qiang Dong, Anding Xu, Jinsheng Zeng, Yansheng Li, Zhimin Wang, Haiqin Xia, S Claiborne Johnston
BACKGROUND: Stroke is common during the first few weeks after a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor ischemic stroke. Combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin may provide greater protection against subsequent stroke than aspirin alone. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted at 114 centers in China, we randomly assigned 5170 patients within 24 hours after the onset of minor ischemic stroke or high-risk TIA to combination therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin (clopidogrel at an initial dose of 300 mg, followed by 75 mg per day for 90 days, plus aspirin at a dose of 75 mg per day for the first 21 days) or to placebo plus aspirin (75 mg per day for 90 days)...
July 4, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
Mike Manchak, Robert Holloway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2012: Annals of Internal Medicine
2014-02-14 05:16:59
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