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Primary Ear Care - Training Basic Otology

Coalition for Global Hearing Health, Education & Training Committee investigative activity
Elizabeth Morris, Bradley W Kesser, Shayn Peirce-Cottler, Meg Keeley
INTRODUCTION: Otoscopy is an important skill in diagnosing conditions of the middle ear. This study evaluated the ability of a novel ear simulator to teach medical students diagnostic and pneumatic otoscopy. We hypothesized that exposure to this simulator improves the ability of medical students to apply an appropriate pneumatic pressure during insufflation and accurately identify the presence of a middle ear effusion in a simulated setting. METHODS: An ear simulator was created to teach otoscopic skills to medical students...
February 2012: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Brandon Wickens, Jordan Lewis, David P Morris, Murad Husein, Hanif M Ladak, Sumit K Agrawal
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that otoscopy is a widely used and taught diagnostic tool during medical training, errors in diagnosis are common. Physical otoscopy simulators have high fidelity, but they can be expensive and only a limited number of students can use them at a given time. OBJECTIVES: 1) To develop a purely web-based otoscopy simulator that can easily be distributed to students over the internet. 2) To assess face and content validity of the simulator by surveying experts in otoscopy...
February 24, 2015: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Bolajoko O Olusanya
From a developmental perspective, optimal speech and language outcome is indisputably the primary motivation for neonatal hearing screening of infants with congenital or early-onset hearing loss (PCHL). This paper additionally outlines more broadly the potential value of early hearing detection and intervention in resource-poor countries against the backdrop of limitations of primary prevention of PCHL based on a review of literature from low-income and middle-income countries with per capita incomes of approximately US$6000 or less...
July 2012: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Kim-Huong Nguyen, Anthony C Smith, Nigel R Armfield, Mark Bensink, Paul A Scuffham
Indigenous Australians experience a high rate of ear disease and hearing loss, yet they have a lower rate of service access and utilisation compared to their non-Indigenous counterparts. Screening, surveillance and timely access to specialist ear, nose and throat (ENT) services are key components in detecting and preventing the recurrence of ear diseases. To address the low access and utilisation rate by Indigenous Australians, a collaborative, community-based mobile telemedicine-enabled screening and surveillance (MTESS) service was trialled in Cherbourg, the third largest Indigenous community in Queensland, Australia...
2015: PloS One
Anthony C Smith, Nigel R Armfield, Wei-I Wu, Cecil A Brown, Chris Perry
A mobile ear-screening service was established in an Aboriginal community in central Queensland. Telemedicine allowed ear nose and throat (ENT) specialists at the tertiary children's hospital in Brisbane to assess children at a distance using pre-recorded information comprising video-otoscopic images and the results of tympanometry and audiometry. During the first three years, 1053 children were registered with the service. A total of 2111 screening assessments were carried out at 21 schools in the region. The average screening rate achieved in the community was 85%...
December 2012: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Chaweewan Bunnag, Suchitra Prasansuk, Apinan Na Nakorn, Perapun Jareoncharsri, Suvajana Atipas, Thana Angsuwarangsee, Prayuth Tansuriyawong, M L Kunthong Thongyai, Sunanta Polpathapee, Chana Siriyananda, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana, Kitirat Ungkanon, Samut Chongvisal, Phawin Keskool, Weerachai Tantinikorn
The ear and hearing survey of the Thai elderly in 14 urban communities around Siriraj Hospital was repeated one year after the first survey in order to detect any changes. Altogether 556 elderly people came for follow-up examination, 191 were males, 365 were females, the average age was 68.2 years (60-88 years). Ear disease was diagnosed by ENT specialists in 80 cases which implied that the prevalence of ear disease was 14.4 per cent. This was not statistically significantly different from the prevalence of ear disease in the survey conducted in the previous year and although the elderly who had ear diseases in the first survey had already been treated, the prevalence did not decrease...
May 2002: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand
Chaweewan Bunnag, Suchitra Prasansuk, Apinan Na Nakorn, Perapun Jareoncharsri, Suvajana Atipas, Thana Angsuwarangsee, Prayuth Tansuriyawong, M L Kunthong Thongyai, Sunanta Polpathapee, Chana Siriyananda, Cheerasook Chongkolwatana, Kitirat Ungkanon, Samut Chongvisal, Phawin Keskool, Weerachai Tantinikorn
The prevalence of ear disease and hearing disability in elderly Thais in 14 urban communities around Siriraj Hospital was studied. The accuracy of diagnosis and treatment of common ear diseases and of screening for hearing loss in the elderly between general practitioners (GP) and Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialists was also compared. Elderly people aged 60 years or more who had registered with the health care program had their ear and hearing check-up performed by GPs and ENT specialists from mobile team...
May 2002: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand
R Youngs, N Weir, P Tharu, R B Bohara, D Bahadur
INTRODUCTION: Deafness is a major problem in developing countries. Rural communities tend to be affected more than urban ones, and chronic otitis media is common. The World Health Organization has proposed primary ear care as a method of providing otological services in developing countries. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic otoscopy skills of community ear assistants in rural Western Nepal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Community ear assistants undertook the pre-operative evaluation of 92 patients selected for middle-ear surgery in an 'ear camp' setting...
January 2011: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Carole Reeve, Amanda Thomas, Adam Mossenson, David Reeve, Stephanie Davis
OBJECTIVE: Reduce long waiting lists for ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist review and improve primary ear health care. DESIGN: A retrospective evaluation of ear health care after the implementation of an ear health program (EHP). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: School children in Aboriginal communities in the Fitzroy Valley of Western Australia. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMENT: Access number of children screened for ear disease, effectiveness-referral letter completeness (history, otoscopy, tympanometry, audiometry), patient management and waiting time until first ENT contact...
June 2014: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Deborah B McWilliams, Robert M Jacobson, Holly K Van Houten, James M Naessens, Karen L Ytterberg
OBJECTIVE: To test whether well-child care visit anticipatory guidance can safely reduce emergency department (ED) visits. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis comparing an intervention site with control sites using a "difference-in-differences" regression model. SETTING: Primary care practices at the Mayo Clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Children who attended a 15-month well-child care visit. INTERVENTIONS: Nurses provided standardized education and prescribed antipyrine-benzocaine otic drops at the 15-month well-child care visit...
February 2008: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
Jeffrey A Sorensen, Max D Pusz, Scott E Brietzke
OBJECTIVES: Assess the overall quality of information on adenotonsillectomy and ear tube surgery presented on YouTube ( from the perspective of a parent or patient searching for information on surgery. METHODS: The YouTube website was systematically searched on select dates with a formal search strategy to identify videos pertaining to pediatric adenotonsillectomy and ear tube surgery. Only videos with at least 5 (ear tube surgery) or 10 (adenotonsillectomy) views per day were included...
January 2014: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Brian J Ferrara, Elizabeth Townsley, Christopher R MacKay, Henry C Lin, Lawrence C Loh
The possibility of encountering rare tropical disease presentations is commonly described as a benefit derived by developed world medical trainees participating in clinical service-oriented short-term global health experiences in the developing world. This study describes the health status of a population served by a short-term experience conducted by a North American institute, and the results of a retrospective review are used to identify commonly encountered diseases and discuss their potential educational value...
November 2014: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
V J Abraham, Vinohar Balraj, N Shankar, Anand Job, A Joseph
The feasibility of training teachers of day care centres for children (balwadi teachers) to recognize and manage common ear problems was studied so that they could provide primary care for ear related morbidity in the community. A training module was designed, piloted on grass root level workers and used to train 19 balwadi teachers. Their knowledge, skills and technique of examination was assessed following training. Pathways for referral were established between the balwadis, secondary and tertiary hospitals...
April 2003: Tropical Doctor
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