Collections Knee


MH Residency - Knee
Florian Forelli, Nicolas Le Coroller, Maxime Gaspar, Geoffrey Memain, Georgios Kakavas, Nicholas Miraglia, Patrice Marine, Pascal Maille, Timothy E Hewett, Alexandre Jm Rambaud
UNLABELLED: Existing return to play (RTP) assessments have not demonstrated the ability to decrease risk of subsequent anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury after reconstruction (ACLR). RTP criteria are standardized and do not simulate the physical and cognitive activity required by the practice of sport. Most RTP criteria do not include an ecological approach. There are scientific algorithms as the "5 factor maximum model" that can identify risk profiles and help reduce the risk of a second anterior cruciate ligament injury...
2023: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
April L McPherson, Nathan D Schilaty, Sarah Anderson, Takashi Nagai, Nathaniel A Bates
INTRODUCTION: It is well documented that marked weakness of the quadriceps is present after knee joint injury. This joint trauma induces a presynaptic reflex inhibition of musculature surrounding the joint, termed arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI). The extent to which anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury affects thigh musculature motor unit activity, which may affect restoration of thigh muscle strength after injury, is undetermined. METHODS: A randomized protocol of knee flexion and extension isometric contractions (10%-50% maximal voluntary isometric contraction) were performed for each leg on 54 subjects with electromyography array electrodes placed on the vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, semitendinosus, and biceps femoris...
2023: Frontiers in sports and active living
Daniel Niederer, Michael Behringer, Thomas Stein
BACKGROUND: Numerous individual, temporal, injury- and surgery-specific factors impact the functional capacity during rehabilitation, return to sports (RTS), and re-injury prevention after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. PURPOSE: This multicentre cohort study evaluated the isolated and interactive contributions of time between injury and surgery, time since reconstruction, age, gender, pain, graft type, and concomitant injuries as to inertial sensor-assessed motor function after ACL reconstructions in multiple linear mixed model regressions...
April 1, 2023: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Alex Gu, Amil R Agarwal, Michael-Alexander Malahias, Lauren E Wessel, Shawn S Richardson, Lea McDaniel, Brock Knapp, Abhay Mathur, Teresa Doerre, Peter K Sculco, Scott A Rodeo, Scott G Kaar
BACKGROUND: Arthrofibrosis after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a notable but uncommon complication of ACLR. To improve range of motion after ACLR, aggressive physical therapy, arthroscopic/open lysis of adhesions, and revision surgery are currently used. Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) is also a reasonable choice for an appropriate subset of patients with inadequate range of motion after ACLR. Recently, the correlation between anticoagulant usage and arthrofibrosis after total knee arthroplasty has become an area of interest...
June 1, 2023: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Soroush Baghdadi, Theodore J Ganley, Lawrence Wells, J Todd R Lawrence
PURPOSE: To identify the postoperative characteristics associated with the need for subsequent surgical intervention in pediatric anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). METHODS: Patients ≤18 years old who received operative treatment for arthrofibrosis following ACLR versus age- and sex-matched controls with a satisfactory postoperative course were retrospectively reviewed. The range of knee motion preoperatively and at each postoperative visit was recorded...
July 2022: Arthroscopy
Lan Zhou, Yihong Xu, Siya Wang, Shaobai Wang, Weidong Xu
BACKGROUND: Gait asymmetry, negative psychological factors and quadriceps strength deficits are common after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Whether quadriceps strength and psychological factors have impacts on multiplanar knee kinematics remains unclear. RESEARCH QUESTION: What are the relationships of multiplanar knee kinematics during the gait cycle and psychological readiness to quadriceps strength after ACLR? METHOD: In total, 45 patients were enrolled in this study at 8...
March 2023: Gait & Posture
Khalis Boksh, Nomaan Sheikh, Han Hong Chong, Arijit Ghosh, Randeep Aujla
BACKGROUND: After its success in restoring rotational stability and reducing failure rates in primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), lateral extra-articular tenodesis (LET) or anterolateral ligament reconstruction (ALLR) has been endorsed for use in revision ACLR surgery, where failure rates are historically higher. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on whether the addition of a LET or ALLR results in superior clinical outcomes and stability compared with isolated revision ACLR (iACLR)...
January 2024: American Journal of Sports Medicine
S G Bodkin, J T Pethick, E A Dooley, S D Russell, J M Hart
BACKGROUND: Current rehabilitation goals following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction are structured around the maximal force generating capabilities of the muscle. Force fluctuations, an index of force control, have been observed to alter post- anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The temporal structure, or "complexity" of force fluctuations may provide important insight into the post-operative muscular recovery. The aims of this study were 1) to compare quadriceps torque complexity in anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed patients to the contralateral limb and to healthy, controls and 2) to assess the relationships between torque complexity to patient outcomes...
April 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Mark V Paterno, Mitchell J Rauh, Staci Thomas, Timothy E Hewett, Laura C Schmitt
BACKGROUND: The incidence of second anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury after ACL reconstruction (ACLR) is high in young, active populations. Failure to successfully meet return-to-sport (RTS) criteria may identify adult athletes at risk of future injury; however, these studies have yet to assess skeletally mature adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine if failure to meet RTS criteria would identify adolescent and young adult athletes at risk for future ACL injury after ACLR and RTS...
September 1, 2022: Journal of Athletic Training
Laura C Schmitt, Caroline Brunst, Matthew Ithurburn, Dominic Ilardi, Staci Thomas, Bin Huang, Mark Vincent Paterno
CONTEXT: Performance symmetry between limbs (limb symmetry index [LSI] ≥ 90%) on a battery of single-leg hop tests is recommended to inform return-to-sport (RTS) decisions after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR). Achieving current hop test symmetry values has not been associated with future clinical outcomes. The identification of age-relevant and activity-relevant target values to benchmark the hop test performance of young athletes post-ACLR may provide greater specificity and clinical relevance for interpretation of hop test data...
September 1, 2022: Journal of Athletic Training
Dale Forsdyke, Adam Gledhill, Clare Ardern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Junya Aizawa, Kenji Hirohata, Shunsuke Ohji, Takehiro Ohmi, Hideyuki Koga, Kazuyoshi Yagishita
BACKGROUND: High psychological readiness is an important element for returning to sports after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. Identifying factors that contribute to psychological readiness is essential for planning interventions to return to play. No studies have used multivariate analysis to clarify factors associated with psychological readiness to return to specific sports. HYPOTHESIS: To identify factors that contribute to an athlete's psychological readiness to return after ACL reconstruction to sports that require cutting, pivoting, and jump-landings...
November 2020: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Harvi F Hart, Adam G Culvenor, Ali Guermazi, Kay M Crossley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether knee confidence, fear of movement, psychological readiness to return-to-sport or pain are associated with patient-reported and performance-based function and return to pivoting sport in individuals one-year after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: University-laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 118 individuals one-year post-ACLR. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The KOOS-sport/recreation and IKDC and three hopping tasks were used to assess patient-reported and performance-based function, respectively...
January 2020: Physical Therapy in Sport
Anne Gro Heyn Faleide, Liv Heide Magnussen, Torbjørn Strand, Bård Erik Bogen, Rolf Moe-Nilssen, Ingunn Fleten Mo, Willemijn Vervaat, Eivind Inderhaug
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the predictive value of return to sport (RTS) test batteries applied after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is limited. Adding assessment of psychological readiness has been recommended, but knowledge of how this affects the predictive ability of test batteries is lacking. PURPOSE: To examine the predictive ability of a RTS test battery on return to preinjury level of sport and reinjury when evaluation of psychological readiness was incorporated...
April 2021: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Kate E Webster
Following anterior cruciate ligament injury and surgery, it is important that we prepare athletes to return to sport not only from a physical perspective but also a psychological one. Typically, we are concerned for an athlete who has low confidence or high anxiety. However, can being too psychologically ready to return to sport also be a bad thing? While the optimal psychological profile will vary from person to person, evidence is emerging that more extreme responses may have detrimental consequences and increase the risk of further injury...
April 2022: Arthroscopy
April L McPherson, Julian A Feller, Timothy E Hewett, Kate E Webster
BACKGROUND: Psychological responses after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and ACL reconstruction (ACLR) have been identified as predictors of return to sport but have not been investigated in relation to further injury. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: To determine whether psychological readiness to return to sport is associated with second ACL injury. It was hypothesized a priori that at both preoperative and 12-month postoperative time points, patients who sustained a second ACL injury would have lower psychological readiness than patients who did not have a second injury...
March 2019: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Michelle Xiao, Maike van Niekerk, Nikunj N Trivedi, Calvin E Hwang, Seth L Sherman, Marc R Safran, Geoffrey D Abrams
BACKGROUND: Although objective outcomes assessing knee function are essential measurements for return to sport, psychological factors have become increasingly recognized as equally important parameters for determining an athlete's ability to return to sport after surgery. PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature to determine whether patients who returned to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction had improved psychological scores (as measured with validated questionnaires) compared with patients who did not return to sport...
August 2023: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Stephanie Rose Filbay, Frank W Roemer, L Stefan Lohmander, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Ewa M Roos, Richard Frobell, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the natural course of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) healing on MRI within 5 years of acute ACL rupture and compare 2-year and 5-year outcomes based on healing status and treatment group. METHODS: Secondary analysis of 120 Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament Nonsurgical vs Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial participants randomised to rehabilitation and optional delayed ACL reconstruction (ACLR) or early ACLR and rehabilitation. ACL continuity on MRI (Anterior Cruciate Ligament OsteoArthritis Score 0-2) was considered evidence of ACL healing...
January 2023: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Di Zhao, Jian-Ke Pan, Fang-Zheng Lin, Ming-Hui Luo, Gui-Hong Liang, Ling-Feng Zeng, He-Tao Huang, Yan-Hong Han, Nan-Jun Xu, Wei-Yi Yang, Jun Liu
BACKGROUND: The rerupture or need for revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a serious complication. Preventive strategies that target the early identification of risk factors are important to reduce the incidence of additional surgery. PURPOSE: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate risk factors for revision or rerupture after ACLR. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4...
September 2023: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Ayham Jaber, Chang Min Kim, Alexander Barié, Marcus Streit, Holger Schmitt, Michael Clarius, Christian Merle, Yannic Bangert
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of combined medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The authors hypothesized that the combined procedure leads to good long-term outcome in patients with isolated medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with ACL deficiency and concomitant medial knee OA were treated from 2008 to 2016 with a combined UKA (Oxford Partial Knee) and ACLR using a hamstring tendon autograft...
April 2023: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
2022-09-04 19:01:15
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