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Telephone Support In Prehospital Care

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Richard Pilbery, Madeleine Smith, Jonathan Green, Daniel Chalk, Colin A O'Keeffe
OBJECTIVES: This feasibility study aimed to model in silico the current healthcare system for patients triaged to a primary care disposition following a call to National Health Service (NHS) 111 and determine the effect of reconfiguring the healthcare system to ensure a timely primary care service contact. DESIGN: Discrete event simulation. SETTING: Single English NHS 111 call centre in Yorkshire. PARTICIPANTS: Callers registered with a Bradford general practitioner who contacted the NHS 111 service in 2021 and were triaged to a primary care disposition...
September 6, 2023: BMJ Open
Frederic Balen, Sebastien Lamy, Sarah Fraisse, Julie Trinari, Vincent Bounes, Xavier Dubucs, Sandrine Charpentier
BACKGROUND: Acute dyspnoea is a common symptom in Emergency Medicine, and severity assessment is difficult during the first time the patient calls the Emergency Medical Call Centre. OBJECTIVE: To identify predictive factors regarding the need for early respiratory support in patients who call the Emergency Medical Call Centre for dyspnoea. DESIGN, SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: This retrospective cohort study carried out in the Emergency Medical Call Centre of the University Hospital of Toulouse from 1 July to 31 December 2019...
August 9, 2023: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Seán O'Sullivan, Henning Schneider
Telemedicine as a technology can support processes in the field of emergency medicine (EM) including therapies and diagnostics, but technically is often based on hardware solutions for local EM structures, especially when involving the field of pre-hospital EM. By developing an open-source, data protection compliant solution (EU GDPR and HIPAA) as well as using standardized web and open-source based technology the Emergency Talk Application (ETA) can be used as a technology that can connect emergency medical providers and include already available regional structures...
August 16, 2023: Scientific Reports
Alexander Colgan, Morgan B Swanson, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Kari Harland, Nicholas M Mohr
OBJECTIVE: There are over 300,000 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) annually in the United States (US) and despite many scientific advances in the field, the survival rate remains low. We seek to determine if return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is higher when use of emergency medical dispatch (EMD) protocols is documented for OHCA calls compared to when no EMD protocol use is documented. We also seek identify care-related processes that differ in calls that use EMD protocols...
August 9, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jianing Xu, Mingyu Qu, Xuejie Dong, Yihe Chen, Hongfan Yin, Fangge Qu, Lin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) has proven to be a crucial intervention in enhancing the ability of lay responders to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during telehealth emergency services. While the majority of established T-CPR protocols primarily focus on guiding individual rescuers, there is a lack of emphasis on instructing and coordinating multiple lay responders to perform resuscitation collaboratively. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an innovative team-based tele-instruction tool to efficiently organize and instruct multiple lay responders on the CPR process and to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of the tool...
July 26, 2023: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Takeshi Nishimura, Masafumi Suga, Takashi Hongo, Tetsuya Yumoto, Atsunori Nakao, Satoshi Ishihara, Hiromichi Naito
BACKGROUND: Until recently, calls to the emergency medical service (EMS) from landline phones, which display the caller's exact location at the dispatch center, had been common. Since the use of mobile phones has become widespread, many emergency calls are now made from mobile phones. Differences in outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients for whom EMS was called from mobile versus landline phones has not yet been fully elucidated. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, population-based analysis in Kobe, Japan to examine whether EMS calls from mobiles improved the prognosis of OHCA patients over EMS calls placed from landlines...
September 2023: Resuscitation plus
Michael Stefan Hellfritz, Alexander Waschkau, Jost Steinhäuser
BACKGROUND: The evaluation and the improvement of the quality of telemedical care become increasingly important in times where this type of care is offered to a broad number of patients more and more. As telemedical care in an offshore setting has already been in use for decades, analyzing the extensive experience of offshore paramedics using telemedical care can help identify determinants of quality. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore determinants of the quality of telemedical care using the experiences of experienced offshore paramedics...
June 20, 2023: BMC Health Services Research
Ryo Deguchi, Yusuke Katayama, Hoshi Himura, Tetsuro Nishimura, Yuko Nakagawa, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Shunsuke Tai, Junya Tsujino, Takeshi Shimazu, Yasumitsu Mizobata
INTRODUCTION: The telephone triage service is an emergency medical system through which citizens consult telephone triage nurses regarding illness, and the nurses determine the urgency and need for an ambulance. Despite being introduced in several countries, its impact on emergency patients has not been reported. We aimed to determine the effect of the telephone triage service on the outcomes of hospitalized patients diagnosed with cerebrovascular disease upon arrival after being transported by an ambulance...
2023: Frontiers in Public Health
Ana Kowark, Marc Felzen, Sebastian Ziemann, Stephanie Wied, Michael Czaplik, Stefan K Beckers, Jörg C Brokmann, Ralf-Dieter Hilgers, Rolf Rossaint
BACKGROUND: A tele-emergency medical service with a remote emergency physician for severe prehospital emergencies may overcome the increasing number of emergency calls and shortage of emergency medical service providers. We analysed whether routine use of a tele-emergency medical service is non-inferior to a conventional physician-based one in the occurrence of intervention-related adverse events. METHODS: This open-label, randomised, controlled, parallel-group, non-inferiority trial included all routine severe emergency patients aged ≥ 18 years within the ground-based ambulance service of Aachen, Germany...
June 30, 2023: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Christopher T Edmunds, Kate Lachowycz, Sarah McLachlan, Andrew Downes, Andrew Smith, Rob Major, Edward B G Barnard
BACKGROUND: Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS) are a limited and expensive resource, and should be intelligently tasked. HEMS dispatch was identified as a key research priority in 2011, with a call to identify a 'general set of criteria with the highest discriminating potential'. However, there have been no published data analyses in the past decade that specifically address this priority, and this priority has been reaffirmed in 2023. The objective of this study was to define the dispatch criteria available at the time of the initial emergency call with the greatest HEMS utility using a large, regional, multi-organizational dataset in the UK...
June 12, 2023: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
Sofia Karlsson, Lina Gyllencreutz
OBJECTIVES: If a chemical incident occurs, the emergency response centre (ERC) personnel are the first that are notified. They need to quickly attain situation awareness, based on the information from the caller, in order to dispatch the correct emergency units. The aim of this study is to examine the situation awareness of the personnel working at ERCs-how they perceive, comprehend, project and act during chemical incidents. METHODS: Semi-structured individual interviews with 12 participants from the Swedish ERCs were performed...
June 14, 2023: BMJ Open
Jennifer A Greene, Judah Goldstein, Jeffrey Stirling, Janel M Swain, Ryan Brown, Jennifer McVey, Alix Carter
In recent years, 911 call volumes have increased, and emergency medical services (EMS) are routinely stretched beyond capacity. To better match resources with patient needs, some EMS systems have integrated clinician roles into the emergency medical communications centre (MCC). Our objective was to explore the nature and scope of clinical roles in emergency MCCs. Using a rapid scoping review methodology, we searched PubMed for studies related to any clinical role employed within an emergency MCC. We accepted reviews, experimental and observational designs, as well as expert opinions...
May 2023: Curēus
Martin F Gude, Jan B Valentin, Helle C Christensen, Søren Mikkelsen, Morten B Søvsø, Grethe Andersen, Hans Kirkegaard, Søren P Johnsen
To investigate the association between the Emergency Medical Service dispatcher's initial stroke triage and prehospital stroke management, primary admission to hospitals offering revascularization treatment, prehospital time delay, and rate of acute revascularization. In an observational cohort study, patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in Denmark (2017-2018) were included if the emergency call to the Emergency Medical Dispatch Center (EMDC) was made within three hours after symptom onset. Among 3546 included AIS patients, the EMS dispatcher identified 74...
June 27, 2023: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Fredrik Byrsell, Martin Jonsson, Andreas Claesson, Mattias Ringh, Leif Svensson, Gabriel Riva, Per Nordberg, Sune Forsberg, Jacob Hollenberg, Anette Nord
AIM: To investigate the ability of Swedish Emergency Medical Dispatch Centres (EMDCs) to answer medical emergency calls and dispatch an ambulance for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in accordance with the American Heart Association (AHA) performance goals in a 1-step (call connected directly to the EMDC) and a 2-step (call transferred to regional EMDC) procedure over 10 years, and to assess whether delays may be associated with 30-day survival. METHOD: Observational data from the Swedish Registry for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and EMDC...
July 4, 2023: Resuscitation
Silvia Aranda-García, Jaime Barrio-Cortes, Felipe Fernández-Méndez, Martín Otero-Agra, Marc Darné, Ernesto Herrera-Pedroviejo, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dispatcher assistance via smart glasses improves bystander basic life support (BLS) performance compared with standard telephone assistance in a simulated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) scenario. METHODS: Pilot study in which 28 lay people randomly assigned to a smart glasses-video assistance (SG-VA) intervention group or a smartphone-audio assistance (SP-AA) control group received dispatcher guidance from a dispatcher to provide BLS in an OHCA simulation...
June 28, 2023: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Khorshid Mohammad, Soumya Thomas, Chacko J Joseph, Chelsea O'Keef, Leah Leswick, John Montpetit, Elsa Fiedrich, Bryan Rombough, Sumesh Thomas
OBJECTIVE:  In 2019 the Southern Alberta Neonatal Transport Service adopted a transport call handling process change to expedite transport team mobilization. This study compares the impact of this change on neonatal transport decision to dispatch and mobilization times. STUDY DESIGN:  This retrospective cohort study was conducted using a historical cohort of neonates referred for transportation between January 2017 and December 2021. The "dispatch time" (DT) was the time from the start of consultation to the time a decision to dispatch the transport team was made, whereas "mobilization time" (MT) referred to the time from start of consultation to the time the team departed the home base...
July 10, 2023: American Journal of Perinatology
Thomas Monks, Alison Harper, Michael Allen, Lucy Collins, Andrew Mayne
BACKGROUND: We aimed to select and externally validate a benchmark method for emergency ambulance services to use to forecast the daily number of calls that result in the dispatch of one or more ambulances. METHODS: The study was conducted using standard methods known to the UK's NHS to aid implementation in practice. We selected our benchmark model from a naive benchmark and 14 standard forecasting methods. Mean absolute scaled error and 80 and 95% prediction interval coverage over a 84 day horizon were evaluated using time series cross validation across eight time series from the South West of England...
July 11, 2023: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Martin Jonsson, Ellinor Berglund, Enrico Baldi, Maria Luce Caputo, Angelo Auricchio, Marieke T Blom, Hanno L Tan, Remy Stieglis, Linn Andelius, Fredrik Folke, Jacob Hollenberg, Leif Svensson, Mattias Ringh
BACKGROUND: Systems for dispatch of volunteer responders to collect automated external defibrillators and/or to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in cases of nearby out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are widely implemented. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate whether the activation of a volunteer responder system to OHCAs was associated with higher rates of bystander CPR, bystander defibrillation, and 30-day survival vs no system activation...
July 18, 2023: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Jessica Williams, Gemma Johns, Kerrie Phipps, Sara Khalil, Mike Ogonovsky, Alka Ahuja
OBJECTIVES: Allied Health Professionals (AHP) consist of 13 different specialty roles in Wales, sharing the responsibility of promoting and supporting the health and well-being of the population. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there was a shift in care provision, with the increased use of online consultations, such as those using video consultation platforms. However, this shift was associated with uncertainty and hesitancy, and, thus, to understand the usage and reasons for using video consultations, this study aimed to capture the experiences of both AHP and their patients, while investigating each role individually...
May 17, 2023: BMJ Open
David Herr, Sangeeta Bhatia, Florian Breuer, Stefan Poloczek, Christopher Pommerenke, Janosch Dahmen
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Medical Service (EMS) in Germany is increasingly challenged by strongly rising demand. Speculations about a greater utilisation for minor cases have led to intensive media coverage, but empirical evidence is lacking. We investigated the development of low-acuity calls from 2018 to 2021 in the federal state of Berlin and its correlations with sociodemographic characteristics. METHODS: We analysed over 1.5 million call documentations including medical dispatch codes, age, location and time using descriptive and inferential statistics and multivariate binary logistic regression...
May 16, 2023: BMC Medicine
2023-05-22 08:35:53
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