Collections Secondary QT Prolongation, Tor...

Secondary QT Prolongation, Torsades de Pointes and Risk of Sudden Death

An extensive review of drugs and medical conditions contributing to the risk of QT prolongation
Puja K Mehta, B Delia Johnson, Tanya S Kenkre, Wafia Eteiba, Barry Sharaf, Carl J Pepine, Steven E Reis, William J Rogers, Sheryl F Kelsey, Diane V Thompson, Vera Bittner, George Sopko, Leslee J Shaw, C Noel Bairey Merz
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is often the first presentation of ischemic heart disease; however, there is limited information on SCD among women with and without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). We evaluated SCD incidence in the WISE (Women's Ischemia Syndrome Evaluation) study. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 904 women with suspected ischemic heart disease with preserved ejection fraction and core laboratory coronary angiography were followed for outcomes...
August 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Jiesheng Kang, David R Compton, Roy J Vaz, David Rampe
Loperamide is a μ-opioid receptor agonist commonly used to treat diarrhea and often available as an over-the-counter medication. Recently, numerous reports of QRS widening accompanied by dramatic QT interval prolongation, torsades de pointe arrhythmia, and death have been reported in opioid abusers consuming large amounts of the drug to produce euphoria or prevent opiate withdrawal. The present study was undertaken to determine the mechanisms of this cardiotoxicity. Using whole-cell patch clamp electrophysiology, we tested loperamide on the cloned human cardiac sodium channel (Nav1...
October 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Lauren B Gerlach, Helen C Kales, Donovan T Maust, Claire Chiang, Claire Stano, Hae Mi Choe, Kara Zivin
OBJECTIVES: In 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety announcement cautioning providers against prescribing citalopram above 40 mg per day given concerns for QT prolongation. We assessed the impact of a health system quality improvement initiative to identify patients taking higher than the recommended dose of citalopram. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Nine primary care clinics within the University of Michigan from March 2012 to February 2013...
April 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Raymond Noordam, Colleen M Sitlani, Christy L Avery, James D Stewart, Stephanie M Gogarten, Kerri L Wiggins, Stella Trompet, Helen R Warren, Fangui Sun, Daniel S Evans, Xiaohui Li, Jin Li, Albert V Smith, Joshua C Bis, Jennifer A Brody, Evan L Busch, Mark J Caulfield, Yii-Der I Chen, Steven R Cummings, L Adrienne Cupples, Qing Duan, Oscar H Franco, Rául Méndez-Giráldez, Tamara B Harris, Susan R Heckbert, Diana van Heemst, Albert Hofman, James S Floyd, Jan A Kors, Lenore J Launer, Yun Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Leslie A Lange, Henry J Lin, Renée de Mutsert, Melanie D Napier, Christopher Newton-Cheh, Neil Poulter, Alexander P Reiner, Kenneth M Rice, Jeffrey Roach, Carlos J Rodriguez, Frits R Rosendaal, Naveed Sattar, Peter Sever, Amanda A Seyerle, P Eline Slagboom, Elsayed Z Soliman, Nona Sotoodehnia, David J Stott, Til Stürmer, Kent D Taylor, Timothy A Thornton, André G Uitterlinden, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, James G Wilson, Vilmundur Gudnason, J Wouter Jukema, Cathy C Laurie, Yongmei Liu, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Patricia B Munroe, Jerome I Rotter, Ramachandran S Vasan, Bruce M Psaty, Bruno H Stricker, Eric A Whitsel
BACKGROUND: Increased heart rate and a prolonged QT interval are important risk factors for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and can be influenced by the use of various medications, including tricyclic/tetracyclic antidepressants (TCAs). We aim to identify genetic loci that modify the association between TCA use and RR and QT intervals. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted race/ethnic-specific genome-wide interaction analyses (with HapMap phase II imputed reference panel imputation) of TCAs and resting RR and QT intervals in cohorts of European (n=45 706; n=1417 TCA users), African (n=10 235; n=296 TCA users) and Hispanic/Latino (n=13 808; n=147 TCA users) ancestry, adjusted for clinical covariates...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
Tiziano Acciavatti, Giovanni Martinotti, Mariangela Corbo, Eduardo Cinosi, Matteo Lupi, Fabrizio Ricci, Rosa Di Scala, Emilia D'Ugo, Viola De Francesco, Raffaele De Caterina, Massimo di Giannantonio
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate in a clinical setting, the effects of different classes of psychotropic drugs on cardiac electrophysiological measures linked with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population of 1059 psychiatric inpatients studying the effects of various psychotropic drugs on the T-peak to T-end (TpTe) interval, QT dispersion and QT interval. RESULTS: Methadone use showed a strong association with TpTe prolongation (odds ratio (OR)=12...
April 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Fady S Riad, Andrew M Davis, Michael P Moranville, John F Beshai
QTc prolongation has a high prevalence of and is associated with increased all-cause mortality. Nonetheless, QTc prolonging medications are often used during patient hospitalizations despite baseline prolongation and QTc changes. Data regarding the real-world relative risk of QTc prolongation in the hospital setting are lacking. In this study, we sought to quantify the degree and relative risk of QTc prolongation in patients receiving Arizona Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (AzCERT) "known risk" medications...
January 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
Pierre-Michel Llorca, Christophe Lançon, Ann Hartry, T Michelle Brown, Dana B DiBenedetti, Siddhesh A Kamat, Clément François
BACKGROUND: Treatment of schizophrenia and major depressive disorder (MDD) with atypical antipsychotics (AAPs) show improved efficacy and reduced side effect burden compared with older antipsychotic medications. However, a risk of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) remains. TEAEs are hard to quantify and perspectives on the importance of TEAEs differ across patients and between patients and physicians. The current study is a qualitative assessment that investigates TEAEs of AAPs from both patient and physician perspectives to provide better understanding of the occurrence and burden of TEAEs associated with these medications...
February 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
Arsen Uvelin, Jasmina Pejaković, Vesna Mijatović
More than 70% of intensive care unit (ICU) patients experience heart rhythm disturbances, and these patients have correspondingly higher mortality rates. Consequently, one of the standards of care in ICUs is continuous electrocardiography monitoring. One of the potentially preventable dysrhythmic events is the occurrence of torsade de pointes ventricular tachycardia in the setting of acquired prolonged QT interval. This type of ventricular tachycardia can be malignant because it often progresses to ventricular fibrillation...
June 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
Haixu Yu, Li Zhang, Jinqiu Liu, Ying Liu, Peter R Kowey, Yanli Zhang, Yue Chen, Yushan Wei, Lianjun Gao, Huihua Li, Jie Du, Yunlong Xia
BACKGROUND: Acquired long QT syndrome (ALQTS) has long been overlooked in clinical practice. Recent studies reported that severe ALQTS (QTc ≥500 ms) in hospitalized patients is associated with increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of ALQTS in the clinical outcomes of hospitalized patients. METHODS: Electronic medical records were reviewed to identify severe ALQTS in hospitalized patients in a single study center from September 1, 2013, to February 28, 2014...
July 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Elyce T Sheehan, Jarrod D Frizzell, Jude Gabaldon, Michael B West
A 91-year-old woman presented to the emergency department by ambulance after her family found her minimally responsive. Telemetry monitoring demonstrated episodes of non-sustained polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PMVT) associated with significantly prolonged repolarization. Her medical history revealed that she was taking quinine or a derivative in three different forms: hydroxychloroquine, quinine sulfate (for leg cramps), and her gin mixed with tonic water (containing quinine). The present case is illustrative of classic etiologies and findings of acquired long QT syndrome, and serves as an important reminder for providers to take a complete medication history, including use of duplicative and alternative medicines and type of alcohol consumption...
October 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Eli D Ehrenpreis, Grigory Roginsky, Aimee Alexoff, Dylan G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Domperidone, a peripheral D2 dopamine receptor antagonist, has efficacy for treatment of nausea, dyspepsia, and gastroparesis. Domperidone prolongs the QT interval (QTc), and may cause life-threatening arrhythmias. METHODS: Electronic medical records for all patients receiving domperidone in the NorthShore University HealthSystem from January 1, 2008 to December 1, 2013 were reviewed. All concomitant medications were noted. The coadministration of QT-interacting medications was determined...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Simone Schächtele, Thomas Tümena, Karl-Günter Gaßmann, Martin F Fromm, Renke Maas
BACKGROUND: Drug-induced QT-interval prolongation is associated with occurrence of potentially fatal Torsades de Pointes arrhythmias (TdP). So far, data regarding the overall burden of QT-interval prolonging drugs (QT-drugs) in geriatric patients are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to assess the individual burden of QT-interval prolonging drugs (QT-drugs) in geriatric polymedicated patients and to identify the most frequent and risky combinations of QT-drugs...
2016: PloS One
Alessandro Mantovani, Antonio Rigamonti, Stefano Bonapace, Bruna Bolzan, Matteo Pernigo, Giovanni Morani, Lorenzo Franceschini, Corinna Bergamini, Lorenzo Bertolini, Filippo Valbusa, Riccardo Rigolon, Isabella Pichiri, Giacomo Zoppini, Enzo Bonora, Francesco Violi, Giovanni Targher
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased risk of heart rate-corrected QT interval prolongation and atrial fibrillation in patients with type 2 diabetes. Currently, no data exist regarding the relationship between NAFLD and ventricular arrhythmias in this patient population. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 330 outpatients with type 2 diabetes without preexisting atrial fibrillation, end-stage renal disease, or known liver diseases who had undergone 24-h Holter monitoring for clinical reasons between 2013 and 2015...
August 2016: Diabetes Care
Alexander J Scott, Adrian J Dunlop, Amanda Brown, Craig Sadler, Geoffrey K Isbister
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Drug induced QT prolongation occurs in patients with substance use disorders from prescription medications that prolong the QT, such as methadone. Knowing the prevalence of QT prolongation in this population is important for prescribers. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of QT prolongation in patients with current substance use disorders. DESIGN AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective review of electrocardiograms (ECG) from patients with substance use disorders from an urban general hospital with a large drug and alcohol service and toxicology unit...
March 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
Sarah Kline Krammes, Todd Jacobs, John M Clark, R Esther Lutes
OBJECTIVE: Ondansetron improves the success of oral rehydration in children with gastroenteritis. In postoperative adults, ondansetron has been shown to prolong the corrected QT (QTc). The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of ondansetron on the QT at peak effect and at 1-hour postpeak effect in pediatric patients. METHODS: This was an observational study looking at patients aged 6 months to 18 years receiving intravenous ondansetron for nausea, vomiting, or the inability to take fluids in the emergency department...
January 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
Michael H Chiu, Nawaf S Al-Majed, Ryan Stubbins, Dylan Pollmann, Roopinder K Sandhu
BACKGROUND: Glycopyrronium bromide has recently been approved as a once daily maintenance inhalation therapy for moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Efficacy and safety trial data have found rare cases of significant QT prolongation. To our knowledge, we describe the first case report of QT prolongation >600 ms with initiation of glycopyrronium bromide in a real world setting. CASE PRESENTATION: A 78-year-old female with moderate COPD recently started on glycopyrronium bromide, presented to Emergency Department (ED) with syncope...
June 14, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Bert Vandenberk, Eline Vandael, Tomas Robyns, Joris Vandenberghe, Christophe Garweg, Veerle Foulon, Joris Ector, Rik Willems
BACKGROUND: Drug safety precautions recommend monitoring of the corrected QT interval. To determine which QT correction formula to use in an automated QT-monitoring algorithm in our electronic medical record, we studied rate correction performance of different QT correction formulae and their impact on risk assessment for mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: All electrocardiograms (ECGs) in patients >18 years with sinus rhythm, normal QRS duration and rate <90 beats per minute (bpm) in the University Hospitals of Leuven (Leuven, Belgium) during a 2-month period were included...
June 17, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Dominik W Choromanski, Sapan Amin, Maria M Zestos
Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a rare condition that in certain circumstances can lead to severe and potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia known as Torsade de Pointes (TdP). Inhalational anesthetics are among many medications and conditions known to prolong QT and thus potentially predispose the patient to TdP. Although studies have shown that sevoflurane should be safe for the healthy patients, the situation is unclear in patients with LQTS. We present a case of 14-year-old Caucasian female with the diagnosis of LQTS who developed TdP during sevoflurane inhalational induction...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
Sangita Trivedi, Brenda Schiltz, Rakesh Kanipakam, Johan Martijn Bos, Michael J Ackerman, Yves Ouellette
OBJECTIVES: There is no evidence regarding the effect of ondansetron on the QT interval in pediatric patients in the ICU. This study aimed to describe the effect of ondansetron on the corrected QT interval in patients cared for in the PICU. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort, consecutive enrollment study. SETTING: Single-center, tertiary-level, medical/surgical PICU. PATIENTS: All patients less than 8 years old who received ondansetron over an 11-month period were included...
July 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Amy D Morris, Jennifer Chen, Elaine Lau, Jennifer Poh
BACKGROUND: Domperidone is a prokinetic agent used to treat pediatric gastroesophageal reflux disease. Health Canada has issued warnings about an increased risk of domperidone-associated ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. However, the supporting data referred only to adult patients; therefore, extrapolating the safety risks to pediatric patients is difficult. OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate the evidence for domperidone-associated QT interval prolongation, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death to determine the safety of this drug for pediatric patients...
2016: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
2016-08-13 04:42:42
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