Collections Breaking Research on COVID-19 ...

Breaking Research on COVID-19 Pandemic

PLEASE NOTE: Apologies, but we are no longer updating this collection.
Mohammad Mahboubi Mehrabani, Mohammad Sobhan Karvandi, Pedram Maafi, Mohammad Doroudian
With the progression of investigations on the pathogenesis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), neurological complications have emerged as a critical aspect of the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic. Besides the well-known respiratory symptoms, many neurological manifestations such as anosmia/ageusia, headaches, dizziness, seizures, and strokes have been documented in hospitalised patients. The neurotropism background of coronaviruses has led to speculation that the neurological complications are caused by the direct invasion of SARS-CoV-2 into the nervous system...
November 2022: Reviews in Medical Virology
Khalil El Karoui, An S De Vriese
The COVID-19 pandemic has profound adverse effects on the population on dialysis. Patients requiring dialysis are at an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and mortality, and many have experienced psychological distress as well as delayed or suboptimal care. COVID-19 survivors have prolonged viral shedding, but generally develop a robust and long-lasting humoral immune response that correlates with initial disease severity. However, protection against reinfection is incomplete. A growing body of evidence reveals delayed and blunted immune responses to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination...
May 2022: Kidney International
Betty Raman, David A Bluemke, Thomas F Lüscher, Stefan Neubauer
Emerging as a new epidemic, long COVID or post-acute sequelae of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a condition characterized by the persistence of COVID-19 symptoms beyond 3 months, is anticipated to substantially alter the lives of millions of people globally. Cardiopulmonary symptoms including chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and autonomic manifestations such as postural orthostatic tachycardia are common and associated with significant disability, heightened anxiety, and public awareness. A range of cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities has been reported among patients beyond the acute phase and include myocardial inflammation, myocardial infarction, right ventricular dysfunction, and arrhythmias...
March 14, 2022: European Heart Journal
Steven Chee Loon Lim, Chee Peng Hor, Kim Heng Tay, Anilawati Mat Jelani, Wen Hao Tan, Hong Bee Ker, Ting Soo Chow, Masliza Zaid, Wee Kooi Cheah, Han Hua Lim, Khairil Erwan Khalid, Joo Thye Cheng, Hazfadzila Mohd Unit, Noralfazita An, Azraai Bahari Nasruddin, Lee Lee Low, Song Weng Ryan Khoo, Jia Hui Loh, Nor Zaila Zaidan, Suhaila Ab Wahab, Li Herng Song, Hui Moon Koh, Teck Long King, Nai Ming Lai, Suresh Kumar Chidambaram, Kalaiarasu M Peariasamy
IMPORTANCE: Ivermectin, an inexpensive and widely available antiparasitic drug, is prescribed to treat COVID-19. Evidence-based data to recommend either for or against the use of ivermectin are needed. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of ivermectin in preventing progression to severe disease among high-risk patients with COVID-19. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The Ivermectin Treatment Efficacy in COVID-19 High-Risk Patients (I-TECH) study was an open-label randomized clinical trial conducted at 20 public hospitals and a COVID-19 quarantine center in Malaysia between May 31 and October 25, 2021...
April 1, 2022: JAMA Internal Medicine
Bruno Gualano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2022: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Amadea Britton, Katherine E Fleming-Dutra, Nong Shang, Zachary R Smith, Tandin Dorji, Gordana Derado, Emma K Accorsi, Umed A Ajani, Joseph Miller, Stephanie J Schrag, Jennifer R Verani
IMPORTANCE: Monitoring COVID-19 vaccine performance over time since vaccination and against emerging variants informs control measures and vaccine policies. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the associations between symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection and receipt of BNT162b2, mRNA-1273, and Ad26.COV2.S by day since vaccination before and during Delta variant predominance (pre-Delta period: March 13-May 29, 2021; Delta period: July 18-October 17, 2021). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Test-negative, case-control design with data from 6884 US COVID-19 testing sites in the pharmacy-based Increasing Community Access to Testing platform...
March 15, 2022: JAMA
Christina M Brennan, Sandeep Nadella, Xiang Zhao, Richard J Dima, Nicole Jordan-Martin, Breanna R Demestichas, Sam O Kleeman, Miriam Ferrer, Eva Carlotta von Gablenz, Nicholas Mourikis, Michael E Rubin, Harsha Adnani, Hassal Lee, Taehoon Ha, Soma Prum, Cheryl B Schleicher, Sharon S Fox, Michael G Ryan, Christina Pili, Gary Goldberg, James M Crawford, Sara Goodwin, Xiaoyue Zhang, Jonathan B Preall, Ana S H Costa, Joseph Conigliaro, Joseph R Masci, Jie Yang, David A Tuveson, Kevin J Tracey, Tobias Janowitz
OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether famotidine improved inflammation and symptomatic recovery in outpatients with mild to moderate COVID-19. DESIGN: Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, fully remote, phase 2 clinical trial (NCT04724720) enrolling symptomatic unvaccinated adult outpatients with confirmed COVID-19 between January 2021 and April 2021 from two US centres. Patients self-administered 80 mg famotidine (n=28) or placebo (n=27) orally three times a day for 14 consecutive days...
May 2022: Gut
Peter Nordström, Marcel Ballin, Anna Nordström
BACKGROUND: Vaccine effectiveness against COVID-19 beyond 6 months remains incompletely understood. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccination against the risk of infection, hospitalisation, and death during the first 9 months after vaccination for the total population of Sweden. METHODS: This retrospective, total population cohort study was done using data from Swedish nationwide registers. The cohort comprised all individuals vaccinated with two doses of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, mRNA-1273, or BNT162b2, and matched unvaccinated individuals, with data on vaccinations and infections updated until Oct 4, 2021...
February 26, 2022: Lancet
Selina Kikkenborg Berg, Susanne Dam Nielsen, Ulrikka Nygaard, Henning Bundgaard, Pernille Palm, Camilla Rotvig, Anne Vinggaard Christensen
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic either directly by being infected with the virus or indirectly by lockdowns and restrictions influencing normal living. We aimed to investigate health, including symptoms of long COVID, in adolescents (aged 15-18 years) who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 compared with a control group. METHODS: LongCOVIDKidsDK was a national, cross-sectional study carried out in Denmark, which included SARS-CoV-2-positive adolescents and matched controls...
April 2022: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
Inbal Goldshtein, David M Steinberg, Jacob Kuint, Gabriel Chodick, Yaakov Segal, Shirley Shapiro Ben David, Amir Ben-Tov
IMPORTANCE: Pregnant women were excluded from the BNT162b2 messenger RNA (mRNA) COVID-19 vaccine (Pfizer-BioNTech) preauthorization trial. Therefore, observational data on vaccine safety for prenatally exposed newborns are critical to inform recommendations on maternal immunization. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether BNT162b2 mRNA vaccination during pregnancy is associated with adverse neonatal and early infant outcomes among the newborns. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Population-based cohort study comprising all singleton live births in March through September 2021, within a large state-mandated health care organization in Israel, followed up until October 31, 2021...
May 1, 2022: JAMA Pediatrics
Sam Afkhami, Michael R D'Agostino, Ali Zhang, Hannah D Stacey, Art Marzok, Alisha Kang, Ramandeep Singh, Jegarubee Bavananthasivam, Gluke Ye, Xiangqian Luo, Fuan Wang, Jann C Ang, Anna Zganiacz, Uma Sankar, Natallia Kazhdan, Joshua F E Koenig, Allyssa Phelps, Steven F Gameiro, Shangguo Tang, Manel Jordana, Yonghong Wan, Karen L Mossman, Mangalakumari Jeyanathan, Amy Gillgrass, Maria Fe C Medina, Fiona Smaill, Brian D Lichty, Matthew S Miller, Zhou Xing
The emerging SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern (VOCs) threaten the effectiveness of current COVID-19 vaccines administered intramuscularly and designed to only target the spike protein. There is a pressing need to develop next-generation vaccine strategies for broader and long-lasting protection. Using adenoviral vectors (Ad) of human and chimpanzee origin, we evaluated Ad-vectored trivalent COVID-19 vaccines expressing spike-1, nucleocapsid, and RdRp antigens in murine models. We show that single-dose intranasal immunization, particularly with chimpanzee Ad-vectored vaccine, is superior to intramuscular immunization in induction of the tripartite protective immunity consisting of local and systemic antibody responses, mucosal tissue-resident memory T cells and mucosal trained innate immunity...
March 3, 2022: Cell
Sakir Ahmed, Pankti Mehta, Aby Paul, S Anu, Somy Cherian, Veena Shenoy, Kaveri K Nalianda, Sanjana Joseph, Anagha Poulose, Padmanabha Shenoy
INTRODUCTION: To assess the incidence and risk factors for breakthrough COVID-19 infection in a vaccinated cohort of patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (AIRDs) and determine whether antibodies to receptor binding domain of spike protein (anti-RBD) serve as a reliable predictor of susceptibility to such infections. METHODS: Patients with AIRDs who had completed two doses of SARS-CoV2 vaccines were included and anti-RBD antibodies were determined 4-6 weeks post the second vaccine dose and stratified into good responders (GR) (>212 IU), inadequate responders (IR) (0...
June 2022: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Yan Xie, Evan Xu, Benjamin Bowe, Ziyad Al-Aly
The cardiovascular complications of acute coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are well described, but the post-acute cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 have not yet been comprehensively characterized. Here we used national healthcare databases from the US Department of Veterans Affairs to build a cohort of 153,760 individuals with COVID-19, as well as two sets of control cohorts with 5,637,647 (contemporary controls) and 5,859,411 (historical controls) individuals, to estimate risks and 1-year burdens of a set of pre-specified incident cardiovascular outcomes...
March 2022: Nature Medicine
Ghady Haidar, Mounzer Agha, Andrew Bilderback, Amy Lukanski, Kelsey Linstrum, Rachel Troyan, Scott Rothenberger, Deborah K McMahon, Melissa D Crandall, Michele D Sobolewksi, P Nathan Enick, Jana L Jacobs, Kevin Collins, Cynthia Klamar-Blain, Bernard J C Macatangay, Urvi M Parikh, Amy Heaps, Lindsay Coughenour, Marc B Schwartz, Jeffrey M Dueker, Fernanda P Silveira, Mary E Keebler, Abhinav Humar, James D Luketich, Matthew R Morrell, Joseph M Pilewski, John F McDyer, Bhanu Pappu, Robert L Ferris, Stanley M Marks, John Mahon, Katie Mulvey, Sundaram Hariharan, Glenn M Updike, Lorraine Brock, Robert Edwards, Richard H Beigi, Paula L Kip, Alan Wells, Tami Minnier, Derek C Angus, John W Mellors
BACKGROUND: We studied humoral responses after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination across varying causes of immunodeficiency. METHODS: Prospective study of fully vaccinated immunocompromised adults (solid organ transplant [SOT], hematologic malignancy, solid cancers, autoimmune conditions, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]) versus nonimmunocompromised healthcare workers (HCWs). The primary outcome was the proportion with a reactive test (seropositive) for immunoglobulin G to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) receptor-binding domain...
August 24, 2022: Clinical Infectious Diseases
Jennifer Hammond, Heidi Leister-Tebbe, Annie Gardner, Paula Abreu, Weihang Bao, Wayne Wisemandle, MaryLynn Baniecki, Victoria M Hendrick, Bharat Damle, Abraham Simón-Campos, Rienk Pypstra, James M Rusnak
BACKGROUND: Nirmatrelvir is an orally administered severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 main protease (Mpro ) inhibitor with potent pan-human-coronavirus activity in vitro. METHODS: We conducted a phase 2-3 double-blind, randomized, controlled trial in which symptomatic, unvaccinated, nonhospitalized adults at high risk for progression to severe coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 300 mg of nirmatrelvir plus 100 mg of ritonavir (a pharmacokinetic enhancer) or placebo every 12 hours for 5 days...
April 14, 2022: New England Journal of Medicine
Melissa D Pinto, Natalie Lambert, Charles A Downs, Heather Abrahim, Thomas D Hughes, Amir M Rahmani, Candace W Burton, Rana Chakraborty
Postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV2 (PASC) infection is an emerging global health crisis, variably affecting millions worldwide. PASC has no established treatment. We describe 2 cases of PASC in response to opportune administration of over-the-counter antihistamines, with significant improvement in symptoms and ability to perform activities of daily living. Future studies are warranted to understand the potential role of histamine in the pathogenesis of PASC and explore the clinical benefits of antihistamines in the treatment of PASC...
March 2022: Journal for Nurse Practitioners: JNP
Lydia L Shook, Caroline G Atyeo, Lael M Yonker, Alessio Fasano, Kathryn J Gray, Galit Alter, Andrea G Edlow
This study compares the persistence of anti-spike IgG titers in infants of vaccinated mothers vs mothers who had been naturally infected with COVID-19.
March 15, 2022: JAMA
Ken Cohen, Sheng Ren, Kevin Heath, Micah C Dasmariñas, Karol Giuseppe Jubilo, Yinglong Guo, Marc Lipsitch, Sarah E Daugherty
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the risk of persistent and new clinical sequelae in adults aged ≥65 years after the acute phase of SARS-CoV-2 infection. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: UnitedHealth Group Clinical Research Database: deidentified administrative claims and outpatient laboratory test results. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged ≥65 years who were continuously enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan with coverage of prescription drugs from January 2019 to the date of diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection, matched by propensity score to three comparison groups that did not have covid-19: 2020 comparison group (n=87 337), historical 2019 comparison group (n=88 070), and historical comparison group with viral lower respiratory tract illness (n=73 490)...
February 9, 2022: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Blake Martin, Peter E DeWitt, Seth Russell, Adit Anand, Katie R Bradwell, Carolyn Bremer, Davera Gabriel, Andrew T Girvin, Janos G Hajagos, Julie A McMurry, Andrew J Neumann, Emily R Pfaff, Anita Walden, Jacob T Wooldridge, Yun Jae Yoo, Joel Saltz, Ken R Gersing, Christopher G Chute, Melissa A Haendel, Richard Moffitt, Tellen D Bennett
IMPORTANCE: Understanding of SARS-CoV-2 infection in US children has been limited by the lack of large, multicenter studies with granular data. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics, changes over time, outcomes, and severity risk factors of children with SARS-CoV-2 within the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective cohort study of encounters with end dates before September 24, 2021, was conducted at 56 N3C facilities throughout the US...
February 1, 2022: JAMA Network Open
Charan Thej Reddy Vegivinti, Kirk W Evanson, Hannah Lyons, Izzet Akosman, Averi Barrett, Nicole Hardy, Bernadette Kane, Praneeth Reddy Keesari, Yashwitha Sai Pulakurthi, Erin Sheffels, Prasanth Balasubramanian, Richa Chibbar, Spandana Chittajallu, Kathryn Cowie, J Karon, Lauren Siegel, Ranita Tarchand, Caleb Zinn, Nitin Gupta, Kevin M Kallmes, Kavitha Saravu, Jillienne Touchette
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continues to pose a significant threat to public health worldwide. The purpose of this study was to review current evidence obtained from randomized clinical trials on the efficacy of antivirals for COVID-19 treatment. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using PubMed to identify randomized controlled trials published up to September 4, 2021 that examined the efficacy of antivirals for COVID-19 treatment...
January 31, 2022: BMC Infectious Diseases
2022-03-03 19:14:37
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