Andrew Merelman, Natalie Zink, Andrew D Fisher, Michael Lauria, Darren Braude
For decades, most prehospital clinicians have only been armed with needle thoracostomy to treat a tension pneumothorax, which has a significant failure rate. Following recent changes by the US military, more ground and air transport agencies are adopting simple thoracostomy, also commonly referred to as finger thoracostomy, as a successful alternative. However, surgical procedures performed by prehospital clinicians remain uncommon, intimidating, and challenging. Therefore, it is imperative to adopt a training strategy that is comprehensive, concise, and memorable to best reduce cognitive load on clinicians while in a high-acuity, low-frequency situation...
2022: Air Medical Journal
Tony W Bruno, Rohan Janwadkar, Lisa M Clayton, Patrick G Hughes, Joshua J Solano, Richard D Shih, Leslie A Bilello, Mary J Hughes, Scott M Alter
BACKGROUND: As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, patterns of patient presentations and medical education have changed, potentially resulting in fewer and different types of patient encounters. Procedural proficiency is a cornerstone of emergency medicine (EM) training, and residents must meet Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements to graduate. It is feared there may have been a pandemic-induced decrease in opportunities for residents to perform procedures...
December 2022: AEM Education and Training
N Santou, H Ueta, K Nakagawa, K Hata, S Kusunoki, T Sadamori, H Takyu, H Tanaka
BACKGROUND: In Japan, there are no studies comparing endotracheal intubation performed by emergency medical technicians (EMTs) during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) using a Macintosh laryngoscope and a video laryngoscope. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the success rate, complication rate, return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), neurological prognosis (CPC1-2) and regional differences between Video laryngoscope (VL) and Macintosh laryngoscope (ML) for OHCA patients...
March 2023: Resuscitation plus
Nicolas Grillot, Gilles Lebuffe, Olivier Huet, Sigismond Lasocki, Xavier Pichon, Mathieu Oudot, Nathalie Bruneau, Jean-St├ęphane David, Pierre Bouzat, Alexandra Jobert, Martine Tching-Sin, Fanny Feuillet, Raphael Cinotti, Karim Asehnoune, Antoine Roquilly
IMPORTANCE: It is uncertain whether a rapid-onset opioid is noninferior to a rapid-onset neuromuscular blocker during rapid sequence intubation when used in conjunction with a hypnotic agent. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether remifentanil is noninferior to rapid-onset neuromuscular blockers for rapid sequence intubation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Multicenter, randomized, open-label, noninferiority trial among 1150 adults at risk of aspiration (fasting for <6 hours, bowel occlusion, recent trauma, or severe gastroesophageal reflux) who underwent tracheal intubation in the operating room at 15 hospitals in France from October 2019 to April 2021...
January 3, 2023: JAMA
Cassandra J Schmitt, Alicia E Mattson, Caitlin S Brown, Kristin C Mara, Daniel Cabrera, Benjamin J Sandefur, Erin D Wieruszewski
INTRODUCTION: Patients frequently experience hypotension in the peri-intubation period. This can be due to the underlying disease process, physiologic response to the intervention, or adverse effect from medications. With the heterogeneity in cause for hypotension, the duration can also be short or prolonged. Initiation of vasopressors for peri-intubation hypotension includes various strategies using continuous infusion norepinephrine (NE) or push-dose phenylephrine (PDPE) to obtain goal mean arterial pressure...
March 2023: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Matthew E Prekker, Brian E Driver, Stacy A Trent, Daniel Resnick-Ault, Kevin Seitz, Derek W Russell, Sheetal Gandotra, John P Gaillard, Kevin W Gibbs, Andrew Latimer, Micah R Whitson, Shekhar Ghamande, Derek J Vonderhaar, Jeremy P Walco, Sydney J Hansen, Ivor S Douglas, Christopher R Barnes, Vijay Krishnamoorthy, Jill J Bastman, Bradley Daniel Lloyd, Sarah W Robison, Jessica A Palakshappa, Steven Mitchell, David B Page, Heath D White, Alyssa Espinera, Christopher Hughes, Aaron M Joffe, J Taylor Herbert, Steven G Schauer, Brit J Long, Brant Imhoff, Li Wang, Jillian P Rhoads, Kelsey N Womack, David Janz, Wesley H Self, Todd W Rice, Adit A Ginde, Jonathan D Casey, Matthew W Semler
INTRODUCTION: Among critically ill patients undergoing orotracheal intubation in the emergency department (ED) or intensive care unit (ICU), failure to visualise the vocal cords and intubate the trachea on the first attempt is associated with an increased risk of complications. Two types of laryngoscopes are commonly available: direct laryngoscopes and video laryngoscopes. For critically ill adults undergoing emergency tracheal intubation, it remains uncertain whether the use of a video laryngoscope increases the incidence of successful intubation on the first attempt compared with the use of a direct laryngoscope...
January 13, 2023: BMJ Open
Natalie Napolitano, Lee Polikoff, Lauren Edwards, Keiko M Tarquinio, Sholeen Nett, Conrad Krawiec, Aileen Kirby, Nina Salfity, David Tellez, Gordon Krahn, Ryan Breuer, Simon J Parsons, Christopher Page-Goertz, Justine Shults, Vinay Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
BACKGROUND: Determine if apneic oxygenation (AO) delivered via nasal cannula during the apneic phase of tracheal intubation (TI), reduces adverse TI-associated events (TIAEs) in children. METHODS: AO was implemented across 14 pediatric intensive care units as a quality improvement intervention during 2016-2020. Implementation consisted of an intubation safety checklist, leadership endorsement, local champion, and data feedback to frontline clinicians. Standardized oxygen flow via nasal cannula for AO was as follows: 5 L/min for infants (< 1 year), 10 L/min for young children (1-7 years), and 15 L/min for older children (≥ 8 years)...
January 17, 2023: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Purbali S Roy, Nandkishore Joshi, Monika Garg, Reema Meena, Sushil Bhati
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In emergency airway management, unstable haemodynamics of the patients calls for the early need to detect correct endotracheal tube (ETT) placement. Ultrasonography has an advantage of being readily available along with being non-invasive and providing real time images. We aimed to study the usefulness of tracheal ultrasonography and use it as a tool to assess correct tracheal intubation in patients in the intensive care unit. METHODS: This was a hospital-based observational study...
December 2022: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Samuel I Garcia, Benjamin J Sandefur, Ronna L Campbell, Brian E Driver, Michael D April, Jestin N Carlson, Ron M Walls, Calvin A Brown
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We compare intubation first-attempt success with the direct laryngoscope, hyperangulated video laryngoscope, and standard geometry video laryngoscope among emergency medicine residents at various postgraduate years (PGY) of training. METHODS: We analyzed prospective data from emergency department (ED) patients enrolled in the National Emergency Airway Registry from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018 using mixed-effects logistic regression to assess the association between PGY of training and first-attempt success by the device...
January 18, 2023: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Bjoern Zante
BACKGROUND: During critical care procedural skills training (e.g., in intubation and pericardiocentesis) the appropriate supervision level is important to ensure correct use of techniques and guarantee patient safety. The appropriate teaching style should be selected to address residents' learning behavior and foster their competence. The aim of this study was to explore the number of repetitions for given skills needed to achieve a specified supervision level and a specific teaching style...
2023: PloS One
Loic Cailleau, Thomas Geeraerts, Vincent Minville, Olivier Fourcade, Thomas Fernandez, Jean Etienne Bazin, Linden Baxter, Vassilis Athanassoglou, Henry Jefferson, Anika Sud, Tim Davies, Cyprian Mendonca, Matteo Parotto, Matt Kurrek
Fiberoptic intubation for a difficult airway requires significant experience. Traditionally only normal airways were available for high fidelity bronchoscopy simulators. It is not clear if training on difficult airways offers an advantage over training on normal airways. This study investigates the added value of difficult airway scenarios during virtual reality fiberoptic intubation training. A prospective multicentric randomized study was conducted 2019 to 2020, among 86 inexperienced anesthesia residents, fellows and staff...
2023: PloS One
Daniel P Davis, David Olvera, William Selde, John Wilmas, David Stuhlmiller
BACKGROUND: Rapid sequence intubation (RSI) may compromise perfusion because of the use of sympatholytic medications as well as subsequent positive pressure ventilation. The use of bolus vasopressor agents may reverse hypotension and prevent arrest. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study enrolling air medical patients with critical peri-RSI hypotension (systolic blood pressure [SBP] < 90 mm Hg) to receive either arginine vasopressin (aVP), 2 U intravenously every 5 minutes, for trauma patients or phenylephrine (PE), 200 μg intravenously every 5 minutes, for nontrauma patients...
2023: Air Medical Journal
Arpan R Kothari, Howard A Werman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of crew fatigue on the performance of a high-risk clinical skill in a clinical setting. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of first-pass intubation success comparing critical care providers with self-reported fatigue and those without fatigue in a transport environment. RESULTS: No statistical difference was found in first-pass intubation between fatigued and nonfatigued practitioners...
2023: Air Medical Journal
A J Shrimpton, G O'Farrell, H M Howes, R Craven, A R Duffen, T M Cook, J P Reid, J M Brown, A E Pickering
Aerosol-generating procedures are medical interventions considered high risk for transmission of airborne pathogens. Tracheal intubation of anaesthetised patients is not high risk for aerosol generation; however, patients often perform respiratory manoeuvres during awake tracheal intubation which may generate aerosol. To assess the risk, we undertook aerosol monitoring during a series of awake tracheal intubations and nasendoscopies in healthy participants. Sampling was undertaken within an ultraclean operating theatre...
January 29, 2023: Anaesthesia
Anthony Q Dao, Shweta Mohapatra, Catherine Kuza, Tiffany S Moon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Traumatic brain injury is widespread and has significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with severe traumatic brain injury often necessitate intubation. The paralytic for rapid sequence induction and intubation for the patient with traumatic brain injury has not been standardized. RECENT FINDINGS: Rapid sequence induction is the standard of care for patients with traumatic brain injury. Historically, succinylcholine has been the agent of choice due to its fast onset and short duration of action, but it has numerous adverse effects such as increased intracranial pressure and hyperkalemia...
April 1, 2023: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Jeffrey P Phillips, Daniel J Anger, Marvin C Rogerson, Lucas A Myers, Rozalina G McCoy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of transitioning from direct laryngoscopy (DL) to video laryngoscopy (VL) on endotracheal intubation success overall and with enhanced precautions implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We examined electronic transport records from Mayo Clinic Ambulance Service, a large advanced life support (ALS) provider serving rural, suburban, and urban areas in Minnesota and Wisconsin, USA. We determined the success of intubation attempts when using DL (March 10, 2018 to December 19, 2019), VL (December 20, 2019 to September 29, 2021), and VL with an enhanced COVID-19 guideline that restricted intubation to one attempt, performed by the most experienced clinician, who wore enhanced personal protective equipment (April 1 to December 18, 2020)...
March 2, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Huzaifa Ahmad Cheema, Amna Siddiqui, Sidhant Ochani, Alishba Adnan, Mahnoor Sukaina, Ramsha Haider, Abia Shahid, Mohammad Ebad Ur Rehman, Rehmat Ullah Awan, Harpreet Singh, Natalie Duric, Brigitta Fazzini, Antoni Torres, Tamas Szakmany
INTRODUCTION: Awake prone positioning (APP) has been widely applied in non-intubated patients with COVID-19-related acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. However, the results from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are inconsistent. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of APP and to identify the subpopulations that may benefit the most from it. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases from inception to August 2022 (PROSPERO registration: CRD42022342426)...
January 25, 2023: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Jaime Jordan, Sara Krzyzaniak, Alexandra Mannix, Andrew King, Robert Cooney, Megan Fix, Eric Shappell
BACKGROUND: Procedural competency is expected of all emergency medicine (EM) residents upon graduation. The ACGME requires a minimum number of essential procedures to successfully complete training. However, data are limited on the actual number of procedures residents perform and prior studies are limited to single institutions over short time periods. This study sought to assess the number of Key Index Procedures completed during EM residency training and evaluate trends over time. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of graduating EM resident procedure logs across eight ACGME accredited residency programs over the last 10 years (2013-2022)...
February 2023: AEM Education and Training
Philip W Walker, Magdalena Burdette, Laura Susi, Francis X Guyette, Christian Martin-Gill
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated first-pass endotracheal intubation (ETI) success within the critical care transport (CCT) environment using a natural experiment created by the COVID-19 pandemic. Our primary objective was to evaluate if the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) or the COVID-19 time period was associated with differences in first-pass success rates of ETI within a large CCT system with a high baseline ETI first-pass success rate. We hypothesized that pandemic-related challenges would be associated with decreased first-pass success rates...
February 16, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Francesco Cavallin, Chiara Sala, Sabina Maglio, Benedetta Bua, Paolo Ernesto Villani, Arianna Menciassi, Selene Tognarelli, Daniele Trevisanuto
PURPOSE: In adult mannequins, videolaryngoscopy improves glottic visualization with lower force applied to upper airway tissues and reduced task workload compared with direct laryngoscopy. This trial compared oropharyngeal applied forces and subjective workload during direct vs indirect (video) laryngoscopy in a neonatal mannequin. METHODS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial of intubation with direct laryngoscopy, straight blade videolaryngoscopy, and hyperangulated videolaryngoscopy in a neonatal mannequin...
February 14, 2023: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia
2023-02-18 14:44:22
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