Caitriona M Ni Chathasaigh, Peter G Davis, Colm Pf O'Donnell, Lisa K McCarthy
BACKGROUND: The Neonatal Task Force of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) makes practice recommendations for the care of newborn infants in the delivery room (DR). ILCOR recommends that all infants who are gasping, apnoeic, or bradycardic (heart rate < 100 per minute) should be given positive pressure ventilation (PPV) with a manual ventilation device (T-piece, self-inflating bag, or flow-inflating bag) via an interface. The most commonly used interface is a face mask that encircles the infant's nose and mouth...
October 3, 2023: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Martine S Nielsen, Simon H Lundorff, Peter Martin Hansen, Bjørn U Nielsen, Steven A W Andersen, Lars Konge, Anders B Nielsen, Anne C Brøchner
BACKGROUND: In the Difficult Airway Society's 2015 "cannot intubate, cannot oxygenate" guideline, the emergency cricothyroidotomy is the final option when managing an unanticipated difficult airway. How often training for maintenance of this skill is required for anesthesiologists remains unknown. We aimed to assess if specialist-trained anesthesiologists' skills improved from a brush-up intervention and if skills were retained after 3 months. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, controlled trial, participants were randomized to either a simulation-based brush-up or no brush-up...
January 2024: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Ryuichi Nakayama, Naofumi Bunya, Shuji Uemura, Keigo Sawamoto, Eichi Narimatsu
BACKGROUND: The relationship among advanced airway management (AAM), ventilation, and oxygenation in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who achieve prehospital return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) has not been validated. This study was designed to evaluate ventilation and oxygenation for each AAM technique (supraglottic devices [SGA] or endotracheal intubation [ETI]) using arterial blood gas (ABG) results immediately after hospital arrival. METHODS: This observational cohort study, using data from the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine OHCA Registry, included patients with OHCA with prehospital and hospital arrival ROSC between July 1, 2014, and December 31, 2019...
September 25, 2023: Prehospital Emergency Care
Gregory W J Hawryluk, Al Lulla, Randy Bell, Andy Jagoda, Halinder S Mangat, Bentley J Bobrow, Jamshid Ghajar
Prehospital care markedly influences outcome from traumatic brain injury, yet it remains highly variable. The Brain Trauma Foundation's guidelines informing prehospital care, first published in 2002, have sought to identify and disseminate best practices. Many of its recommendations relate to the management of airway, breathing and circulation, and infrastructure for this care. Compliance with the second edition of these guidelines has been associated with significantly improved survival. A working group developed evidence-based recommendations informing assessment, treatment, and transport decision-making relevant to the prehospital care of brain injured patients...
December 1, 2023: Neurosurgery
Brian Koonce, Paul N Austin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2023: Respiratory Care
Pankaj Kundra, Stalin Vinayagam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2023: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Thomas Heidegger, Takashi Asai
Recent evidence has shown that fibreoptic intubation is still an indispensable technique for safe management of predicted difficult airways, despite the implementation of new technologies such as videolaryngoscopy. It is therefore our obligation as anaesthesia societies and as practicing anaesthetists to offer this technique to our patients in clearly designated situations.
November 2023: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Mehran Sotoodehnia, Maryam Khodayar, Alireza Jalali, Mehdi Momeni, Arash Safaie, Atefeh Abdollahi
INTRODUCTION: Difficult laryngoscopy and intubation are serious problems among critically ill patients in emergency department (ED) so utility of a rapid, accurate and noninvasive method for predicting of these patients are necessary. Ultrasonography has been recently used in this regard and this study was conducted to investigate the correlation of some introduced upper airway ultrasound parameters with difficult laryngoscopy / difficult intubation in patients referred to the ED. METHOD: In this prospective observational study all patients ≥ 18-year-old who had an indication for rapid sequence intubation (RSI) were included...
July 25, 2023: BMC Emergency Medicine
Marc Pass, Nicola Di Rollo, Alistair F McNarry
The recently published INTUBE study subanalysis and DEVICE trial findings both demonstrate a clear benefit of videolaryngoscopy over direct laryngoscopy in facilitating tracheal intubation of patients in the emergency department and ICU. We consider the increasing evidence supporting the use of videolaryngoscopy, the possible reasons behind its relatively slow adoption into clinical practice, and the potential role of the hyperangulated videolaryngoscope blade. We discuss the significance of improved first-pass tracheal intubation success in reducing the overall risk of complications in critically ill patients...
September 2023: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Scott Watkins, Fatimah J Chowdhury, Chloe Norman, Stephen J Brett, Keith Couper, Laura Goodwin, Doug W Gould, David Ae Harrison, Anower Hossain, Ranjit Lall, James Mason, Jerry P Nolan, Henry Nwankwo, Gavin D Perkins, Katie Samuel, Behnaz Schofield, Jasmeet Soar, Kath Starr, Matthew Thomas, Sarah Voss, Jonathan R Benger
Survival from in-hospital cardiac arrest is approximately 18%, but for patients who require advanced airway management survival is lower. Those who do survive are often left with significant disability. Traditionally, resuscitation of cardiac arrest patients has included tracheal intubation, however insertion of a supraglottic airway has gained popularity as an alternative approach to advanced airway management. Evidence from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest suggests no significant differences in mortality or morbidity between these two approaches, but there is no randomised evidence for airway management during in-hospital cardiac arrest...
September 2023: Resuscitation plus
Geetha Soundarya Udayakumar, Lakshmi Priya, Vidhya Narayanan
Background and objective The primary responsibility of the anesthesiologist is to provide adequate oxygenation and ventilation to the patient by securing the airway. Prediction of Cormack-Lehane (CL) grading preoperatively helps patients' airway management during anesthesia induction, particularly in difficult intubations. Our study aims to evaluate airway assessment modalities using ultrasound and conventional clinical screening methods for predicting difficult laryngoscopy and intubation. Materials and methods This prospective observational study was conducted on 100 patients aged between 18 and 70 years belonging to ASA classes I, II, and III scheduled for elective surgery requiring general anesthesia under endotracheal intubation was included in the study...
July 2023: Curēus
J Gibson, T Leckie, J Hayward, L Hodgson
Emergency airway management events are common, unpredictable and associated with high complication rates. This multicentre prospective observational study across eight acute NHS hospitals in southeast England reports the incidence and nature of non-theatre emergency airway management events. Data were collected from non-theatre emergency airway management, including adverse events, over a continuous 28-day window, and recorded on an electronic case report form. Events were classified according to type (advanced airway; simple airway; and cardiac arrest)...
November 2023: Anaesthesia
Rithvik Balakrishnan, Luke Andrea, Ari Moskowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2023: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Zohal Popal, André Dankert, Philip Hilz, Viktor Alexander Wünsch, Jörn Grensemann, Lili Plümer, Lars Nawrath, Linda Krause, Christian Zöllner, Martin Petzoldt
BACKGROUND: An inter-incisor gap <3 cm is considered critical for videolaryngoscopy. It is unknown if new generation GlideScope Spectrum™ videolaryngoscopes with low-profile hyperangulated blades might facilitate safe tracheal intubation in these patients. This prospective pilot study aims to evaluate feasibility and safety of GlideScopeTM videolaryngoscopes in severely restricted mouth opening. METHODS: Feasibility study in 30 adults with inter-incisor gaps between 1...
August 3, 2023: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Gavin Davis, Ronit E Malka, Austin Moore, Stacy L Cook, Megan Blackburn, Gregory R Dion
OBJECTIVE: Laryngoscopy simulators quantifying forces on critical structures in progressively challenging airways and operator expertise are lacking. We aimed to quantify laryngoscopy forces across expertise and exposure difficulty. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study Setting: Tertiary care medical center Methods: Force gauges were affixed to a difficult airway mannequin to quantify teeth and tongue forces across increasingly challenging airway exposure...
July 2023: Curēus
Kjetil Andreas Hognestad Karlsen, Sven Erik Gisvold, Trond Nordseth, Sigurd Fasting
Awake fibreoptic intubation has been considered a gold standard in the management of the difficult airway. However, failure may cause critical situations. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and causes of failed awake fibreoptic intubation at a tertiary care hospital. The study was conducted at St. Olav University Hospital in Trondheim, Norway. Problems occurring during anaesthesia are routinely recorded in the electronic anaesthesia information system (Picis Clinical Solutions Inc.), including difficult intubations...
November 2023: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Michael Gottlieb, James R O'Brien, Nicholas Ferrigno, Tina Sundaram
Airway management is a common procedure within Emergency and Critical Care Medicine. Traditional techniques for predicting and managing a difficult airway each have important limitations. As the field has evolved, point-of-care ultrasound has been increasingly utilized for this application. Several measures can be used to sonographically predict a difficult airway, including skin to epiglottis, hyomental distance, and tongue thickness. Ultrasound can also be used to confirm endotracheal tube intubation and assess endotracheal tube depth...
August 25, 2023: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
Maartje van Haperen, Tom C P M Kemper, Jeroen Hermanides, Susanne Eberl, Markus W Hollmann, Jennifer S Breel, Benedikt Preckel
BACKGROUND: The appropriate management of a "difficult airway" remains a challenge for novices and experienced anaesthetists. With the current available airway technologies, e.g., video laryngoscopy, flexible bronchoscopy (fibreoptic intubation (FOI)) for endotracheal intubation is decreasing, likely diminishing caregiver skills. We investigated whether bronchoscopy simulator training improved FOI skills. METHODS: 72 volunteers, consisting of anaesthetists, anaesthesia residents, and nurses, performed six exercises on a bronchoscopy simulator...
August 9, 2023: Journal of Clinical Medicine
M Taboada, A Cariñena, J Regueira, C Francisco, M Rodríguez, T Seoane-Pillado
We describe a series of 11 cases in which we used the new flexible tip (FlexTip) bougie as a rescue device following first-attempt failure at intubation with the C-MAC D-Blade video laryngoscope in our UCI. We collected data from all intubations performed using the C-MAC D-Blade video laryngoscope over a 16-month period. Ninety six patients were included in the study: 79 (86.8%) were intubated at the first attempt; 11 (12.1%) required 2 attempts; and 1 patient required 3 attempts. The Frova Intubating Introducer was used in 1 of the 12 patients requiring more than 1 intubation attempt, and the FlexTip was used in the remaining 11...
September 4, 2023: Revista española de anestesiología y reanimación
Anna M Budde, Avery Tung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2023: International Anesthesiology Clinics
2023-09-20 14:18:42
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